As early aswhen he was concluding the armistice in Italy with Pope Pius VIhe had tried to persuade the pope to retract his briefs against the French priests who had accepted the Civil Constitution of the Clergywhich in practice nationalized the church.
The political map of Europe, which had been so complicated beforewas now greatly simplified. He at once joined the Jacobin Cluba debating society initially favouring a constitutional monarchy, and soon became its president, making speeches against nobles, monks, and bishops.
Bonaparte then consolidated and reorganized the northern Italian republics and encouraged Jacobin—radical republican—propaganda in Venetia. Napoleon from the start disliked him as the former commander of the Corsican rangers, a band of volunteers composed largely of enemies of the Bonaparte family.
Old hatreds were revived, resistance organized, and conspiracies formed. In May it was decided that the French people should vote in referendum on the following question: The Russians put up a better resistance at Eylau in February but were routed at Friedland in June.
With the diplomatic situation changing, Napoleon offered Great Britain the province as part of a peace proposal. But a man of such energy and imagination could hardly be expected to resign himself to defeat at age About midnight Napoleon went to bed. From this position of power, Napoleon would encourage numerous reforms, spreading the ideals of the revolution throughout Europe.
He was a supporter of the republican Jacobin movement, organising clubs in Corsica,  and was given command over a battalion of volunteers. The assault on the position led to the capture of the city, but during it Bonaparte was wounded in the thigh. General Henri-Gratien Bertrand, grand marshal of the palace, and his wife; the comte Charles de Montholon, aide-de-camp, and his wife; General Gaspard Gourgaud ; Emmanuel Las Casesthe former chamberlain; and several servants.
He wrote and talked much. Napoleon Bonaparte, as he may henceforth be called though the family did not drop the spelling Buonaparte until afterrejoined his regiment at Nice in June After spending several days looking for each other, the two armies collided at the Battle of Marengo on 14 June.
The country itself, though flattered by conquests, was tired of self-sacrifice. The campaign ofhowever, was but a pale copy of the Spanish insurrection. He gathered nearly 2, ships between Brest and Antwerp and concentrated his Grand Army in the camp at Boulogne The soldiers themselves, discontented after Austerlitz, cried out for peace after Eylau.
World Wars I and II, however, together with the experience of the 20th-century dictatorships, made it possible to judge Napoleon more fairly. Personally, he was indifferent to religion: The Enlightenment idea of universal laws that applied to everyone came under attack.
For instance, when Napoleon had to transfer his brother Joseph from Naples to rule over Spain, he made one of his leading generals, Murat, into the King of Naples.
In September he got leave to go back to Corsica again for three months. He received a bayonet wound on December 16, but on the next day the British troops, harassed by his artillery, evacuated Toulon.
The envy inspired by French power instilled in the Germans a desire to revitalize their own political system and to gain a unifying national consciousness. Moreover, Alexander unexpectedly refused to treat with Napoleon. After the Treaties of Tilsit, however Julyinstead of trying to reconcile Europe to his grandeur, Napoleon had but one thought: He renounced a federation in which his brothers were not sufficiently docile; he gradually withdrew power sociology from them; he concentrated all his affection and ambition on the son who was the guarantee of the continuance of his dynasty.
From the beginning ofthe illness became rapidly worse.
Great Britain had no choice but to send him to detention in a far-off island. Even as he lost his military principles, Napoleon maintained his gift for brilliance. At Eylau, at Wagram, and later at Waterloo, his method of acting by enormous masses of infantry and cavalry, in a mad passion for conquest, and his misuse of his military resources, were all signs of his moral and technical decadence; and this at the precise moment when, instead of the armies and governments of the old system, which had hitherto reigned supreme, the nations themselves were rising against France, and the events of were being avenged upon her.
Helena in the southern Atlantic had been chosen for his residence; because of its remote position, Napoleon would enjoy much greater freedom than would be possible elsewhere.French Revolution Chapter 6 Sections 4 and 5.
STUDY. PLAY. As Napoleon created a vast French empire, he redrew the map of Europe. He annexed or added outright, some areas to France, including the Netherlands, Belgium, and parts of Italy and Germany. He also abolished the tottering holy roman empire and created a 38 member confederation of.
But his driving passion was the military expansion of French dominion, and, though at his fall he left France little larger than it had been at the outbreak of the Revolution inhe was almost unanimously revered during his lifetime and until the end of the Second Empire under his nephew Napoleon III as one of history’s great heroes.
German Nationalism and Romanticism Under French Rule Summary Though Napoleon's empire remained politically intact, however, strains began to show. – Germany – Netherlands – Belgium Germany Netherlands Belgium St. Bernard Pass. and studied. Did Napoleon want to expand the French Empire for any of the same reasons as you came up with?
Which were the same? Different? What to study for Thursday’s exam: • How did Napoleon rise to power? Napoleons Expansion of the French Empire. Napoleon's Vast Empire () Summary Between andNapoleon's empire stood at its greatest extent.
InNapoleon turned 40, and became concerned at his lack of an heir. German writer Jean Paul commented that providence had given the French the empire of the land, the English that of the sea, and to the Germans that of the air.
but such power as they had resulted from 1 Germany Under Napoleon It was a heady vision that appealed to many of the great GERMANY UNDER NAPOLEON) (at .Download